How to Reach Chittorgarh From Udaipur
The first day we visited Udaipur City which you can read by clicking here. The distance to Chittorgarh from Udaipur city is 120 kilometers. Since it was a budget trip, so I decided to go through Government-owned buses. The charges for these buses are very reasonable and affordable. I also looked for Indian Railway tickets online but all the tickets were sold out so I finally decided to go by bus.
The one-way ticket price from Udaipur to Chittorgarh was INR 120. It took around 2.5 hours to reach me there and at 1 pm, I was at Chittorgarh bus stand. I looked for local transport around because the distance to Chittorgarh Fort was still 5 kilometers from the bus stand. There were local autos standing just outside the bus stand.
The auto driver told me that he will take INR 80 to drop me to the Fort but if I pay INR 350, he will take me to the Fort, will become my Tourist Guide for 2-3 hours & explain me the importance and history of this Fort and drop me back to the bus stand from where I will get the bus to Udaipur. The deal was not bad so eventually agreed on it.
Chittorgarh (the previous capital of the Mewar Kingdom) Fort was built in the 7th Century and it is spread over a land of 700 acres. The complete Fort area was divided into 3 main parts i.e. One for the Residential area, the second for the Maharajas of the Kingdom and the third for the Mewar Army battleground. It is designated as the UNESCO World Heritage site and it is the largest fort in Asia.
Chittorgarh Fort was attacked 3 times in the past by Muslim invaders-
i) In the year 1303, the fort was attacked by Alauddin Khalji.
ii) In the year 1535, it was attacked by Bahadur Shah.
iii) In the year 1567, it was again attacked by Akbar.
10 Places to visit inside the Fort
This is the point from where you can have a look at the entire Chittorgarh city and also you can see the entry gate of the Fort which is around a kilometer away from here.
2. Kumbha Palace
The magnificent Palace was built by Bappa Rawal in 734 AD and later it was reconstructed by Maharana Kumbha. Maharana Kumbha ruled Mewar between 1433 AD and 1468 AD.
3. Sathis Deori Temple
The temple constitutes of 27 small temples and is dedicated to Jain Tirthankaras. The marvelous architecture was built in the 11th century and it has religious importance to Jains. The time I went there, only a few people were inside the temple. The temple premises was clean and you can take as much photo as you want. I read a few articles which say that photography is prohibited inside the temple but there is no such thing.
4. Kumbha Shyam Temple & Meerabai Temple
Named after the Rajput ruler Rana Kumbha, this Kumbha Shyam temple is dedicated to Lord Vishnu (the preserver of the world). You will also see a Meera temple inside the premises where Meera Bai used to worship Lord Krishna. She sang over 1000 bhajans for the lord.
5. Vijay Stambh
Vijay Stambh, also known as the Victory Tower was built by the Mewar ruler Rana Kumbha to mark his victory over the combined armies of Gujarat and Malwa led by Mahmud Khilji.
It took around 8-10 years to built this 9-storey structure (each storey has its separate balcony for wind and light) and its height is 120 feet. It has 157 stairs to reach the top but the path is pretty narrow and only one person can go through stairs at a time. The tower is dedicated to Lord Vishnu.
6. Rani Padmini Palace
This 3-storied white building was the residential place of Rani Padmini where she lived after marrying Rawal Ratan Singh. This is the same place where Alauddin Khilji first saw the shadow of Rani Padmini in water and after which he decided to get her by force. In the battle, Khilji killed Maharana Ratan Singh and Rani Padmini along with 1600 other women committed Jauhar to save her honor.
7. Samadhisvara Temple
It is a Hindu temple dedicated to Lord Shiva as its name suggests. The word “Samadhisvara” means the Lord of Samadhi. The temple was built in the 11th century but was renovated in the year 1428.
8. Gaumukh Reservoir
There were 84 water bodies in the entire 700 acres of Fort area but now only 22 water bodies sustain. Four billion liters of water could be stored collectively on these water bodies.
Out of these 84 water bodies, one is Gaumukh Reservoir. The Gaumukh (Gau means Cow and Mukh means Face) shaped structure provides water to the reservoir.
9. Kirti Stambh
Kirti Stambh, also known as the Tower of Fame is a 72 feet tall structure and was constructed in the 12th century by a Jain Merchant Jeeja Bhagerwala to glorify Jainism. The tower was dedicated to the first Tirthankara Rishabhdev. It looks quite similar to Vijay Stambha but it is a 7- storey tower while Vijay Stambha is a 9-storey tower.
10. Suraj Pole
This gate opens in the direction of Sun hence it is named Suraj Pole. The entry gate has many sharp iron pieces to make it difficult for the enemy to open it or climb it.