Jaipur – Brief History, Tourist Places In Jaipur, Travel Tips and Many More (Part 1)

Amer Fort top view
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Jaipur is the capital of the Indian state of Rajasthan. It is the 10th most populous city of India and over 3 million people currently residing in the city. It is also known as “Pink City” of India. Around 47.5 million tourists visited Jaipur last year out of which 1.6 million were foreign tourists and the rest were Indian tourists.

Notably, maximum foreign tourists who came to Rajasthan were from France. A total of 0.2 million tourists out of this 1.6 million were from France followed by UK’s 0.15 million and USA’s 0.14 million tourists. Tourists from countries like Germany, Australia, Italy, Bangladesh, Canada, Japan, Switzerland etc also came to Rajasthan during the year.

Jaipur is all famous for its Historical Forts, Museums, Temples, Camel Ride, different kinds of handicrafts, Jewelry, Fabrics, and carpets. It offers the best traditional Rajasthani artwork and textiles from this city are world’s famous.

History Of Jaipur

  1. The city Jaipur was founded by the Rajput ruler “Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II” in the year 1727 who later ruled it till the year 1744.
  2. The name “Jaipur” was named after its founder Maharaja Jai Singh II.
  3. Jaipur became the capital of Rajasthan in the year 1956.
  4. Jaipur is also known as the “Pink City of India” and on arrival, visitors will understand the reason behind this name. Every building in
    famous Johari Bazar Road is painted a terracotta “pink” color.
  5. A Bengali chief architect “Vidyadhar Bhattacharya” was appointed to design a layout of the city.
  6. He used the core principles of Vaastu Shastra to create a grid-based model of city.

Why Jaipur is known as the “Pink City” of India??

In the year 1876, Prince of Wales and Queen Victoria were to undertake a tour of India. Maharaja Sawai Ram Singh II, who was then the ruler of Jaipur, painted the whole city in pink terracotta to show his infinite spirit of hospitality.

Pink was considered the color of hospitality. Since then it became a law to have all buildings and homes painted in pink. The law is being followed to date in some parts.

Places To Visit

1. Amer Fort/ Amber Palace

  • Amer Fort is located amidst the Aravali hill ranges at Amer, Rajasthan. It is 11kms away from the capital city Jaipur.
  • It is at a height of around 1400ft above sea level.
  • The town of Amer was originally built by Meenas in the year 1592  and was later ruled by Raja Man Singh I.
  • It took nearly 25 years to build this opulent fort. The fort is constructed of Red sandstone and marble.
  • Major attractions inside the fort are – Diwan-e-Aam (meaning Hall for Public Gathering), Diwan-e-Khaas (meaning Hall for Private Gathering of the Royal Family), Ganesh Pol, Jaleb Chowk, Singh Pol, Jai Mandir, Yash Mandir, Sukh Mandir, Sheesh Mahal (Hall of Mirrors), Suhag Mandir, Shila Devi Holy Place, Bhool Bhulaiya, and Zanana Dyodhi.
  • 2 million tourists were recorded at Amer Fort in the year 2018.

Timings To Visit

  • 9 am to 6 pm
  • Elephant ride is available from the morning at 9:30 am till afternoon at 1 pm.
  • The light show in Hindi starts from 8 pm and the English light show starts from 7:30 pm.

Best Time To Visit

  • During Winter i.e November To February

Ticket Price

  • INR 500 per person for foreign nationals.
  • INR 50 per person for Indian nationals.
  • INR 100 per person for foreign students (you have to show your college or school ID Card at the ticket counter).
  • INR 10 per person for Indian students (you have to show your college or school ID Card at the ticket counter).
  • Light Show In English – INR 200 per person.
  • Light Show In Hindi – INR 100 per person.
  • Elephant Ride – INR 1100 per person or per couple.
Full Amer Fort photograph
View of Amer Fort from Jaigarh Fort
Maota Lake, Amer Fort
Maota Lake outside Amer Fort
Amer Fort, Amber Palace, Amer Palace
Entry Gate of Amer Fort
Amber Palace, Amer Fort, Amer Palace, Rajasthan
Amber Palace
Jaleb Chowk
Jaleb Chowk
diwan-e-aam
Diwan-e-aam
Amer ka Quila
Amer ka Quila
Diwan-e-khaas
Diwan-e-khaas
Garden in the courtyard
Garden in the courtyard

2. Nahargarh Fort

  • Nahargarh Fort which is also known as “Tiger Fort” was built by Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II in the year 1734.
  • Like Amer Fort & Jaigarh Fort, it was also built for the safety of the city.
  • It stands on the edge of Aravali Hills, overlooking the city of Jaipur.
Nahargarh Fort top view
Nahargarh Fort top view
  • It is at a height of around 700ft above sea level.
  • It is at a distance of 15kms from the Jaipur city.
  • Previously the name of the fort was “Sudharshangarh” and later it was changed to Nahargarh which means “Abode of Tigers”.
  • The name Nahargarh was given after the name of “Nahar Singh Bhomia” whose spirit was obstructing the construction of this fort. It was believed that the place where Maharaja Sawai Jai Singh II was trying to build a fort, that place once belonged to the Rajput prince Nahar Singh so he was angry with this construction.
  • After naming the fort after him, the spirit got satisfied and never obstructed again.
  • The Maharaja had 9 wives and the fort was built in accordance with that.

Timings to Visit

  • 10 am to 5:30 pm

Best Time To Visit

  • During Winter i.e November To February

Ticket Price

  • INR 200 per person for foreign nationals.
  • INR 50 per person for Indian nationals.
  • INR 25 per person for foreign students (you have to show your college or school ID Card at the ticket counter).
  • INR 5 per person for Indian students (you have to show your college or school ID Card at the ticket counter).
Nahargarh Fort Architecture
Nahargarh Fort Architecture
Great Wall of Nahargarh Fort
Great Wall of Nahargarh Fort
View of Jaipur city
View of Jaipur city
Nahargarh Fort
Nahargarh Fort
Above Jaipur City
Selfie Time

Travel Tips

  • During the Summer season (between April – July), it can be too hot to visit there. Temperature can go up to 45°C or 113°F.
  • Always keep Sunglasses, Hat, Sunscreen and water bottles with you during the summer season.
  • Monsoon arrives during July mid and August. Try to avoid visiting here during this time.
  • The perfect time to visit Jaipur is during the winter season (between October – February).
  • During winter, it can be cold at night while the temperature remains quite good at the day time.
  • Always check the identity card of the tourist guide to confirm his authenticity.
  • Popular Taxi Apps i.e. Ola and Uber work there.
  • If you are a foreigner, Autorickshaws can overcharge you so better you either ask any local guy to help you or book Ola/ Uber.
  • Money exchange offices can be found near famous tourist attractions.

Continue Reading….

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